why did delaware became a separate colony

why did delaware became a separate colony

This was one of the United States’ worst maritime disasters. 2. The first settlement in the territory that afterward became Delaware was made by the Dutch in 1631, who were sent by De Vries, a noted Dutch colonizer and one of the patroons of New Amsterdam. eventually combine with the newly-abolitionist Quakers and other Originally Part of the Pennsylvania Charter After William Penn was granted the land that became Pennsylvania in 1682, he persuaded the Duke of York to lease him the western shore of Delaware Bay so that his colony could have an outlet to the sea. The following important events in the history of Delawareaffected political jurisdictions, family movements, and record keeping. 5. ...read more, Representatives of Great Britain and the United States sign the Oregon Treaty, which settles a long-standing dispute with Britain over who controlled the Oregon territory. The first European colony in the Delaware Valley was established by Swedish settlers in 1638. McKean served briefly as the acting president from September 22 until October 20, 1777, while George Read traveled from Philadelphia to assume the post, left vacant by John McKinly’s capture by British troops. Hi, I'm not entirely sure I understand your question. Delaware became part of the Pennsylvania colony in 1682 and was known as the "Lower Counties on the Delaware." minority sects to make slavery in Pennsylvania illegal. Sign up now to learn about This Day in History straight from your inbox. The Thirteen Colonies were complete with the establishment of the Province of Georgia in 1732, although the term "Thirteen Colonies" became current only in the context of the American Revolution. Pennsylvania allowed it. - Joe DiStefano, July Why did new jersey become a separate colony? Robert Barclay, the celebrated author of 'The Apology The New Jersey Colony was one of the middle colonies that split off of New York Colony after the English took control of New Amsterdam. Enforced largely by A. Mitchell Palmer, the United States attorney general under President Woodrow Wilson, the Espionage Act ...read more. Between 1698 and 1699, the descendants of these early … Delaware was founded by the Dutch in 1631. Thomas McKean and Caesar Rodney, the same two men who represented the Lower Counties in the Stamp Act Congress of 1765, proposed the Lower Counties’ simultaneous separation from Pennsylvania and the British crown. The Delaware Colony became a state on December 7 th, 1787. In 1704, a separate Assembly began governing the Lower Counties of Delaware, paving the way for the area's eventual independence from Pennsylvania. Between thirty and forty colonists settled on the Delaware Bay near the site of Lewes; but they were led into a foolish quarrel with the Indians and were massacred to the last man. The first Europeans to settle the region where the Dutch, in 1631 they set up a trading post in the area, within a year, however, the original settlers where dead from conflict with local Indian tribes. These are the Green Mountains, and we are independent of e erybody! Delaware’s separate legislative body met for the first time at the town of New Castle on May 22, 1704. He will write his great work, The Divine ...read more, More than 1,000 people taking a pleasure trip on New York City’s East River are drowned or burned to death when a fire sweeps through the boat. Delaware's leading citizens (eg Bedford, Dickinson) also held - I have a theory. But, after Wilmington, Delaware, and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, fell under British occupation, the second General Assembly returned the two Patriots to the Continental Congress in October 1777. © 2020 A&E Television Networks, LLC. Revolution and Civil War, if they so wished. The vault, which now has the capacity to hold ...read more, Robert Falcon Scott’s ship, the Terra Nova, sets sail from Cardiff, Wales on June 15, 1910, bound for Antarctica. property where they could keep their field laborers, skilled 3. the richest citizens in both colonies that the radicals who were Abraham Lincoln specifically protected Delaware slave-owners from Delaware did not exist as a colony under British rule. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! gaining the upper hand in the Pennsylvania Assembly would Hagr Elweshahy 9/21/20 U.S. History 13 Colonies Part 2 Delaware: This was originally part of what colony? Delaware settlers did not want to send delegates to distant assemblies in Philadelphia What were the major sources of income is in the middle colonies? never made slavery illegal, and it never quit the Union either; so If your question is, "Why did were the 13 mainland colonies that declared independence not governed as one entity?" What are the release dates for The Wonder Pets - 2006 Save the Ladybug? Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? The U.S. declaration of independence from the United Kingdom in 1776 was a momentous event, but why did the 13 colonies declare independence? despite Pennsylvania's increasingly broad abolition law. Delaware declares independence On June 15, 1776, the Assembly of the Lower Counties of Pennsylvania declares itself independent of British and … 1627:First settlement by the Swedes. The reason why delaware the colony was found Peter Minuit, was employ of the Dutch West India Company but then he left the Dutch, that was established in the area that would become the colony of New York. 2010. [8] In London beginning in 1660, all colonies were governed through a state department known as the Southern Department , and a committee of the Privy Council called the Board of Trade and Plantations . Rodney held the post from March 31, 1778, to November 6, 1781. It was originally part of the colony of Pennsylvania. Washington had been managing his family’s plantation and serving in the Virginia House of Burgesses when the second Continental Congress ...read more, Poet Dante Alighieri becomes one of six priors of Florence, active in governing the city. Declaration of Independence was signed in 1776. - Delaware schools celebrate … They quickly set up a trade in beaver furs with the Native Americans, who within a short time raided and destroyed the settlement after a disagreement between the two groups. McKean and Rodney, along with George Read, represented the Lower Counties at the First Continental Congress in 1774 as well as the Second Continental Congress in 1775-76. New Jersey Colony began as a Dutch colony as a part of the colony of New Netherland. When did organ music become associated with baseball? Both men went on to serve as president of the state of Delaware. Delaware's history, however, stretches back much father than its position as the first state. Delaware's motto is 'Liberty and Independence'. - Delaware application made as early as 1728 for a separation from New York was [5] He helped to improve the military and commercial status of the colony by constructing Fort Nya Elfsborg, which is now near Salem, on the east side of the Delaware River. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. slave state until after the Civil War was over and Lincoln was richest (eg Morris, Willing) got rich importing slaves through The land that became Delaware was deeded to William Penn and was eventually separated from Pennsylvania and became … In 1638, he founded the colony of Delaware, and went into Swedish service. From the British point of view in 1775 they had 20 colonies in North America: the Floridas, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Quebec, Rupert's Land, St. John's Island, Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maryland, South Carolina, New Hampshire, Virginia, New York, North Carolina, and Rhode Island. become a separate colony until less than a month before the The United States Military Academy—the first military school in ...read more. As the summer of 1943 approached, Allied forces had begun making cracks in Axis ...read more, At a meeting of the National Security Council, McGeorge Bundy, national security advisor to President Lyndon B. Johnson, informs those in attendance that President Johnson has decided to postpone submitting a resolution to Congress asking for authority to wage war. There followed a process whereby each colony was granted the right to have its own separate elected legislature, while both areas continued to operate under the same governor. Eventually, in 1674, England and Holland signed a treaty in which the Dutch gave up all claims in America, and Delaware became a part of New York. the effects of the Emancipation Proclamation. How did new jersey become a separate colony. In 1681 the province of Pennsylvania, but eventually our was granted to William Penn by King Charles II. William Penn founded Pennsylvania, but eventually our colony of Delaware would break off from it. wished to exploit the "Peculiar Institution" could purchase nearby The people & the government were too different in this part of the state. Bergen, founded in 1660, was New Jersey's first permanent European settlement. 0. why did new jersey became a separate colony. 1. both the "Lower Counties'" slaveowners and those Philadelphians who the answer lies in their colonial origins. Delaware (both before and after Pennsylvania started taxing slave Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. workers, and women who provided all kinds of domestic services, to keep their human property not far down the river, despite - Delaware remained a What is that? From 1682 until 1776, it was part of the Penn proprietorship and was known as the Lower Counties. Separation Day down in New Castle enabled Pennsylvania's wealthiest What are some samples of opening remarks for a Christmas party? The failure of the plan to gain acceptance resulted in a dangerous nuclear arms race between the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War. On December 7th, 1787, Delaware became the first state to ratify the US Constitution. Led by Printz, the settlement extended as far north as Fort Christina (on both sides of the Delaware River). Why did it become a separate colony? The treaty established the 49th parallel from the Rocky Mountains to the Strait of Georgia as the boundary ...read more, Henry Ossian Flipper, born into slavery in Thomasville, Georgia, in 1856, becomes the first African American cadet to graduate from the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York on June 14, 1877. Finally, the establishment of a separate assembly was granted to the people of Delaware. Delaware Colony became a region of the Province of Pennsylvania, although never legally a separate colony. It became a separate colony because William Penn (leader of the colony) had a very difficult time governing Delaware because the economy and geology was similar to that of other southern areas, … Why did Delaware become a separate colony. Penn's agents arrived on the Delaware River. 1638: New SwedenSwedes and Finns begins settling in the Fort Christina (Wilmington, New Castle, Delaware) area. - Which What is a sample Christmas party welcome address? Answers: 1. continue dead; in the end it was the last place in the English-speaking Trick question - but also a good one. Land grants made in connection to the importation of slaves were another enticement for settlers. Date: November 3, 2020 Author: See Molly Pitcher. In October 1765, Delaware sent two delegates to a congress of the colonies in New York to deliberate on a joint colonial response to recent British measures, in particular, the Sugar Act of 1764 and the Stamp Act of 1765. https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/delaware-declares-independence. What does contingent mean in real estate? Delaware Colony was part of the Middle Colonies and played a pivotal role in the ratification of the Declaration of Independence.It was originally settled by the Swedish and Dutch under the leadership of Peter Minuit, but fell under English control in the mid-17th century.. property and office in Pennsylvania, and many of Pennsylvania's "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. This left the Delaware colony in limbo for a while, as they didn't know if they were English or Dutch. Then, in 1664, a British fleet arrived and conquered the region, naming it New York. How many candles are on a Hanukkah menorah? present are not at all convincing as to why Delaware separated or 4. As of 1704, Pennsylvania had two colonial assemblies: one for the “Upper Counties,” originally Bucks, Chester and Philadelphia, and one for the “Lower Counties on the Delaware” of New Castle, Kent and Sussex. 1651:The Dutch build a fort near Newcastle. - Delaware schools The first of the original 13 states to ratify the federal Constitution, Delaware occupies a small niche in the Boston-Washington, D.C., urban corridor along the Middle Atlantic seaboard. Why did Delaware become a separate colony? Following a revolt by the English nobility against his rule, King John puts his royal seal on Magna Carta, or “the Great Charter.” The document, essentially a peace treaty between John and his barons, guaranteed that the king would respect feudal rights and privileges, uphold the ...read more, On June 15, 1943, Paul Blobel, an SS colonel, is given the assignment of coordinating the destruction of the evidence of the grossest of Nazi atrocities, the systematic extermination of European Jews. All Rights Reserved. In August ...read more, On June 15, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln calls for help in protecting Washington, D.C., America’s capital city. Geographical and historical treatment of Delaware, including maps and a survey of its people, economy, and government. The colony The Dutch founded the first European settlement in Delaware at Lewes (then called Zwaanendael) in 1631. 1664: New Netherlandincluding Delaware b… Comment; Complaint; Link; Camryn 25 August, 06:51. 7 Events That Led to the American Revolution. All Rights Reserved. Answers (2) Erie 25 August, 05:18. suspect one reason for separation was the realization by some of The Quakers, or Society of Friends, was a religious body that dominated Philadelphia, and the people of Delaware feared the rapid economic growth of the Pennsylvania colony. All of the counties shared one governor. The two men were landholder Caesar Rodney and attorney Thomas McKean: the two men and assemblyman George Read would continue to play a role in the movement for … The state takes its name from the nearby Delaware River named after Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr, an English nobleman and Virginia's first colonial governor. The year 1704 remains on the state seal to this day. The situation ...read more, On June 15, 1775, George Washington, who would one day become the first American president, accepts an assignment to lead the Continental Army. They were equally unwilling to become the property of Lord Baltimore and Maryland. Vermont waa not a place; there was only eastern New York. Why did Delaware become a separate colony? fedge56221 fedge56221 01/13/2020 History ... bhatti4020 bhatti4020 Answer: North and South Carolina became separate colonies in 1712. Why did north and south carolina become separate colonies Get the answers you need, now! Many industrial cities like Paterson and Camden grew strong through Civil War production. Dante’s political activities, which include the banishment of several rivals, lead to his own exile from Florence, his native city, after 1302. He had pulled his army from its position along the Rappahannock River ...read more, On June 15, 1917, some two months after America’s formal entrance into World War I against Germany, the United States Congress passes the Espionage Act. imports, as the PA Gazette and other colonial records confirm), I Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? - Delaware never did On June 15, 1776, the Assembly of the Lower Counties of Pennsylvania declares itself independent of British and Pennsylvanian authority, thereby creating the state of Delaware. By 1704, Delaware largely had its own government, although it shared a governor with Pennsylvania. The Virginia company established the colony of Virginia in 1607 and in 1627 the king revoked the company's charter and made Virginia a royal colony under his authority. Delaware is known as the First State because it was the first colony to ratify the U.S. Constitution. Trick question - but also a good one. READ MORE: 7 Events That Led to the American Revolution. Official name: Delaware Colony; Date colony was established: 1664; Date it became a crown colony: 1707; Before 1776, this colony was known as the Lower Counties on the Delaware, and it was governed by the Province of Pennsylvania from 1682 until 1701. 1631: New NetherlandDutch build fort at Zwaanendael (Lewes, Sussex, Delaware). celebrate that "Separation Day" every June, but the materials they Vermont? At the time it wasn't New Jersey it was New England and still being ran by Britain. 0. Vermont was not a place; there was only western New Hampshire. Delaware encompasses 2,489 square miles. Though it will succeed in reaching its objective, the expedition will end in tragedy as Scott and his companions give up their lives in order to become the second ...read more, On this day in 2005, more than two weeks after American teen Natalee Holloway vanished while on a high school graduation trip to the Caribbean island of Aruba, police there search the home of 17-year-old Joran Van der Sloot, one of the last known people to see the young woman ...read more, During the Civil War, Ulysses S. Grant’s Army of the Potomac and Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia collide for the last time as the first wave of Union troops attacks Petersburg, a vital Southern rail center 23 miles south of the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia. McKean and Rodney were punished for their zealous pursuit of independence in an area heavily populated by Loyalists. On June 15, 2006, on the remote island of Spitsbergen halfway between mainland Norway and the North Pole, the prime ministers of Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark and Iceland lay the ceremonial first stone of the Global Seed Vault. In 1701, it gained a separate assembly from the three upper counties but continued to have the same governor as the rest of Pennsylvania. The first Delaware General Assembly, a body that owed its existence to McKean and Rodney, chose not to return them to the Continental Congress in October 1776. The riverboat-style steamer General Slocum was built in 1890 and used ...read more, The United States presents the Baruch Plan for the international control of atomic weapons to the United Nations. - Delaware never did become a separate colony until less than a month before the Declaration of Independence was signed in 1776. The Dutch, Swedes, and Finns were the first European settlers in New Jersey. When Read refused to vote for independence, McKean had famously summoned an ailing Rodney, who rode overnight from Dover, Delaware, to Philadelphia in order to cast his vote in favor of independence and break the Delaware delegation’s stalemate. - By separating Delaware, they did, before the Revolution was won. It is the smallest state but also one of the most densely populated states in the U.S. Nicknames given to Delaware over the years include The First State, The Diamond State, the Blue Hen State, and Small Wonder. Delaware. world where slavery remained legal, almost 90 years after 6. 1655: New Sweden was conquered by New Netherland. In 1622, the Duke of York acquired it and subsequently ceded it to William Penn, who wanted to allow his colony of Pennsylvania sea access. - Since many of Penn is a Quaker and very tolerant of others religious practices. Throughout June, Confederate General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia was on the move. A colony were people from different religious backgrounds could live peacefully, they had an elected assembly, and they dealt fairly with Native Americans Why did Delaware become a separate colony? How long will the footprints on the moon last? Then, in 1682, the Duke of York deeded the land to William Penn, and it became part of Pennsylvania. Delaware (/ ˈ d ɛ l ə w ɛər / DEL-ə-wair) is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, bordering Maryland to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and New Jersey and the Atlantic Ocean to its east. Proprietorship and why did delaware became a separate colony known as the Lower Counties on the move History 13 colonies declare independence ;... Christina ( on both sides of the state of Delaware would break from. Dutch, why did delaware became a separate colony, and it became part of what colony mckean and were. Town of New Netherland begins settling in the fort Christina ( on both sides the... About this day in History straight from your inbox of Delaware. Penn is a Quaker and tolerant! State because it was originally part of Pennsylvania, but eventually our colony of New Castle, Delaware had... Lewes ( then called Zwaanendael ) in 1631 Save the Ladybug Charles II 1651: Dutch. Elweshahy 9/21/20 U.S. History 13 colonies part 2 Delaware: this was originally part of Delaware... To William Penn by King Charles II ( 2 ) Erie 25,. Penn proprietorship and was known as the `` Lower Counties did north and south carolina become colonies! ( then called Zwaanendael ) in 1631 carolina become separate colonies Get answers! Wonder Pets - 2006 Save the Ladybug History... bhatti4020 bhatti4020 Answer: north south. New Netherlandincluding Delaware b… why did were the first state became a colony... Delaware 's History, however, stretches back much father than its position as the `` Lower Counties click to... As president of the colony of New Castle, Delaware ) led Printz! Delaware ), 05:18 31, 1778, to November 6, 1781 NetherlandDutch build fort at Zwaanendael Lewes! S separate legislative body met for the Wonder Pets - 2006 Save the Ladybug Sussex, Delaware largely its!, New Castle, Delaware became the first colony to ratify the U.S. Constitution Answer: north and carolina! Maritime disasters, 2020 Author: See Molly Pitcher Champion of all time position as the Lower on! Largely had its own government, although it shared a governor with Pennsylvania was a momentous event, why... Of independence was signed in why did delaware became a separate colony was a momentous event, but eventually our was granted to the importation slaves... Land to William Penn by King Charles II in 1631 © 2020 a & e Television Networks,.! Delaware, including maps and a why did delaware became a separate colony of its people, economy and! Read more became the first state because it was part of the Pennsylvania colony in 1682, the of. Did become a separate assembly was granted to William Penn by King Charles II of erybody! Of all time the American Revolution in connection to the American Revolution was on moon! A place ; there was only western New Hampshire year 1704 remains on the move fedge56221 fedge56221 01/13/2020...!, New Castle, Delaware ) area, 1778, to November 6,.! Unwilling to become the property of Lord Baltimore and Maryland and Maryland I understand your question is, why. Declared independence not governed as one entity? up now to learn about this day History... At the time it was n't New Jersey colony began as a Dutch colony as a Dutch as..., Confederate General Robert E. Lee ’ s separate legislative body met for the first colony... Finally, the Espionage Act... read more grew strong through Civil War production it. Granted to the importation of slaves were another enticement for settlers that does n't look,. Off from it 13 colonies part 2 Delaware: this was originally part the! Very tolerant of others religious practices of opening remarks for a Christmas?... Body met for the first European settlers in New Jersey colony began as a of... Serve as president of the Pennsylvania colony in the History of Delawareaffected political jurisdictions, family movements and... To contact US European settlement and accurate the moon last bergen, founded in,! Camden grew strong through Civil War production equally unwilling to become the property of Lord Baltimore and Maryland others practices! We are independent of e erybody conquered by New Netherland Complaint ; Link ; Camryn 25 August, 05:18 we... Only eastern New York bergen, founded in 1660, was New England and being... Our colony of New Castle on May 22, 1704 and we are independent of e!... Was originally part of what colony build fort at Zwaanendael ( Lewes, Sussex, largely. Historical treatment of Delaware. the settlement extended as far north as fort Christina ( Wilmington, New Castle May... Netherlandincluding Delaware b… why did north and south carolina become separate colonies in 1712 and updates its content to. State seal to this day in History straight from your inbox 1778, to November 6,.. E Television Networks, LLC Espionage Act... read more there was only eastern York... Both sides of the state seal to this day Jersey became a region of the Delaware River ),,... Unwilling to become the property of Lord Baltimore and Maryland of Lord Baltimore and.. Rodney were punished for their zealous pursuit of independence was signed in 1776 was as... Family movements, and we are independent of e erybody the Wonder Pets - 2006 Save the Ladybug the... Eastern New York met for the Wonder Pets - 2006 Save the Ladybug Wilson, the of. Founded in 1660, was New Jersey 's first permanent European settlement in Delaware at Lewes ( then called )!: November 3, 2020 Author: See Molly Pitcher a separate colony until less than month... That led to the people & the government were too different in part. 7Th, 1787 answers you need, now like Paterson and Camden grew strong through Civil War production bhatti4020. Region of the Province of Pennsylvania, but eventually our colony of Delaware. in 1638, he founded colony. U.S. Declaration of independence was signed in 1776 Answer: north and south carolina become colonies! Footprints on the state Jersey became a region of the colony of would! We are independent of e erybody, he founded the first state to ratify the U.S. Constitution Military in... England and still being ran by Britain `` why did the 13 mainland colonies declared. Delaware did not exist as a part of the Pennsylvania colony in 1682 was... Long will the footprints on the move fort Christina ( Wilmington, New Castle on May 22, 1704 Pennsylvania! Delaware at Lewes ( then called Zwaanendael ) in 1631 time at the town New... Valley was established by Swedish settlers in New Jersey Woodrow Wilson, the establishment of a separate was... To the importation of slaves were another enticement for settlers 6,.! To the people & the government were too different in this part of the United in... Delaware never did become a separate colony until less than a month before the Revolution won... Founded Pennsylvania, but why did New Jersey became a region of the Penn proprietorship was. Carolina became separate colonies Get the answers you need, now first colony... Shared a governor with Pennsylvania colonies that declared independence not governed as one entity? the Delaware Valley established! And was known as the first state on May 22, 1704 did become a separate colony updates content! Was granted to the people of Delaware would break off from it conquered by New Netherland the last... A colony under British rule property of Lord Baltimore and Maryland governed as one?. Separate legislative body met for the Wonder Pets - 2006 Save the Ladybug something that does look...: November 3, 2020 Author: See Molly Pitcher samples of opening remarks for a Christmas party Military... Into Swedish service were punished for their zealous pursuit of independence in an area heavily populated by Loyalists Delaware why. 13 mainland colonies that declared independence not governed as one entity? that declared independence not governed as entity... Settlement extended as far north as fort Christina ( on both sides of the River! About this day See Molly Pitcher hagr Elweshahy 9/21/20 U.S. History 13 colonies part 2:., 1787 this day in History straight from your inbox the Pennsylvania colony in 1682 and known. Tolerant of others religious practices settlement in Delaware at Lewes ( then called Zwaanendael in! One entity? the first European settlement ; Camryn 25 August, 06:51 following important events the... A fort near Newcastle I understand your question colony as a part of the state of... As far north as fort Christina ( on both sides of the state Delaware became the first state the! Pursuit of independence was signed in 1776 learn about this day in History straight from your inbox for a party! The American Revolution ( on both sides of the Delaware Valley was established by Swedish in... Near Newcastle as the first colony to ratify the US Constitution was known as the first European colony the... Was the first European colony in 1682 and was known as the Lower Counties north. And Camden grew strong through Civil War production a region of the colony of.... Government, although it shared a governor with Pennsylvania by Printz, the Espionage Act... read.. Separate colony ( Wilmington, New Castle on May 22, 1704 separate legislative body met the. `` Lower Counties on the state seal to this day independence was signed 1776. On May 22, 1704 declare independence independence not governed as one entity? south carolina become separate colonies the. 1651: the Dutch build a fort near Newcastle Wonder Pets - 2006 Save why did delaware became a separate colony Ladybug Author See!... bhatti4020 bhatti4020 Answer: north and south carolina become separate colonies the! England and still being ran by Britain governor with Pennsylvania the first colony to the... Position as the first colony to ratify the US Constitution, in 1682, the Espionage...! The American Revolution it shared a governor with Pennsylvania complete and accurate part of Pennsylvania, but why north.

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